Quem são os “Líderes Escolares”? Condições de gestão entre Japão, Alemanha e Reino Unido

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14244/198271995232

Palavras-chave:

Líder escolar, Estrutura de governo, Estudo comparativo internacional.

Resumo

Neste estudo, são analisadas as estruturas de administração e gestão das escolas públicas no Japão, na Alemanha e no Reino Unido. Visto que existe uma lacuna considerável entre o sistema e a prática nesses países, assim, "Quem são os diretores das escolas?" pode constituir um tema de investigação não só importante, mas também urgente. Essa questão implica a importância de se concentrar na estrutura global do sistema de ensino público para além de uma "unidade" escolar. A reforma radical da gestão escolar é uma das agendas comuns entre estes países. A análise de documentos e o trabalho de campo são realizados a partir de perspectivas comuns a estes três países, tais como "reforma escolar", "autonomia escolar", "diferenças/semelhanças". Como resultado, são clarificadas as condições de gestão escolar e as estruturas de governança nestes três países. Embora os diretores japoneses tenham formal e legalmente mais autoridade para serem dirigentes escolares, a base substancial para a gestão escolar não é suficiente, existindo muitas limitações. Para compreender os "dirigentes escolares" alemães, há que analisá-los em relação aos princípios da "supervisão estatal da escola", da "autonomia escolar" e da "participação educativa" dos professores, pais e alunos.  No Reino Unido, as decisões em matéria de finanças, pessoal e currículo são tomadas pelo órgão diretivo. Com base na tomada de decisões, os diretores assumem o papel de Diretor Executivo. A estrutura de governança distribuída existe no ensino público em cada país, e há diversos atores que dirigem as escolas com diferentes responsabilidades.

Métricas

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Biografia do Autor

Kemma Tsujino , Osaka Metropolitan University

2008  Completed Ph.D program without a Ph.D. degree, Kyoto Prefectural University, JAPAN; 2010  Associate Professor of Joetsu University of Education; 2018 Associate Professor of Osaka Metropolitan University.

Hiroki Suematsu , Tokyo Gakugei University

2007  Completed Ph.D program without a Ph.D. degree, University of Tsukuba, JAPAN; 2008  Assistant Professor of Joetsu University of Education; 2012 Assistant Professor of Tokyo Gakugei University; 2017 Associate Professor at Tokyo Gakugei University.

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Publicado

27-09-2023

Como Citar

TSUJINO , K. .; SUEMATSU , H. . Quem são os “Líderes Escolares”? Condições de gestão entre Japão, Alemanha e Reino Unido. Revista Eletrônica de Educação, [S. l.], v. 17, p. e5232062, 2023. DOI: 10.14244/198271995232. Disponível em: https://www.reveduc.ufscar.br/index.php/reveduc/article/view/5232. Acesso em: 17 jun. 2024.

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Demanda Contínua - Artigos
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##plugins.generic.dates.accepted## 2023-02-03
##plugins.generic.dates.published## 2023-09-27