El surgimiento de la gestión educativa como campo de estudio en América Latina (The emergence of educational management as a field of study in Latin America)


  • Izhar Oplatka Universidad de Tel Aviv




In this article, the author advocates the creation of a field of study of educational management specifically oriented to Latin American educational contexts and criticizes the blind adoption of imported concepts and foreign theories. Relying on the literature of the sociology of knowledge, research in education and the epistemology of science, he succinctly analyzes the development of educational management as an Anglo-American field of study, then focuses on the main differences between educational systems in the Latin American school leadership and in the Anglo-American nations. In his conclusion, the author suggests four challenges for Latin American scholars and researchers focused on educational management and leadership, among which are the generation of applied knowledge from and for the Latin American educational system and the exploration of new specific areas of study of the Latin American contexts.


Neste artigo, o autor defende a criação de um campo de estudo da gestão educacional voltado especificamente para contextos educativos da América Latina e critica a adoção cega de conceitos importados e teorias estrangeiras. Com base na literatura da sociologia do conhecimento, investigação em educação e epistemologia da ciência, ele sucintamente analisa o desenvolvimento da gestão educacional como um campo de estudo anglo-americano, para em seguida destacar as principais diferenças entre os sistemas de ensino e a liderança escolar latino-americana e as das nações anglo-americanas. Em sua conclusão, o autor sugere quatro desafios para acadêmicos e pesquisadores da América Latina com foco em gestão educacional e liderança, entre os quais a geração de conhecimento aplicado de e para o sistema educacional da América Latina e explorar novas áreas de estudo específicas dos contextos latino-americanos.


En este artículo el autor aboga por la creación de un campo de estudio de la gestión educativa específicamente orientado a los contextos educativos latinoamericanos y critica la adopción ciega de conceptos importados y teorías foráneas. Apoyándose en la literatura de la sociología del conocimiento, de la investigación en educación y de la epistemología de las ciencias, analiza sucintamente el desarrollo de la gestión educativa como campo de estudio anglo-norteamericano, para luego focalizarse en las principales diferencias entre los sistemas educativos y el liderazgo escolar latinoamericanos y en las naciones anglo-norteamericanas. En su conclusión, el autor sugiere cuatro desafíos para los académicos e investigadores latinoamericanos centrados en la gestión educativa y el liderazgo, entre los que destacan la generación de conocimientos aplicados desde y para el sistema educativo latinoamericano y la exploración de nuevas áreas de estudio específicas a los contextos latinoamericanos.

Keywords: Educational management, Leadership, Latin America, Anglo-American nations.

Palavras-chave: Gestão educacional, Liderança, América Latina, Nações anglo-americanas.

Palabras claves: Gestión educativa, Liderazgo, América Latina, Las naciones anglo-americanas.


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Biografia do Autor

Izhar Oplatka, Universidad de Tel Aviv

Profesor de Administración y Liderazgo Educacional en la Escuela de Educación de la Universidad de Tel Aviv, Israel y jefe del Departamento de Política y Gestión Educativa



Como Citar

OPLATKA, I. El surgimiento de la gestión educativa como campo de estudio en América Latina (The emergence of educational management as a field of study in Latin America). Revista Eletrônica de Educação, [S. l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 196–210, 2019. DOI: 10.14244/198271993072. Disponível em: https://www.reveduc.ufscar.br/index.php/reveduc/article/view/3072. Acesso em: 13 jul. 2024.



Dossiê Liderança Educacional
##plugins.generic.dates.received## 2018-10-17
##plugins.generic.dates.accepted## 2018-10-17
##plugins.generic.dates.published## 2019-01-05